Success Criteria:

Name Name describes the purpose of the control and matches any visible label
Role Identifies itself as a button in iOS and "double tap to activate" in Android
Grouping Visible label (if any) is grouped with the button in a single swipe
State State options: disabled/dimmed
Focus Focused by swipe or touch
Actions Double tap

External Keyboard Support

tab To focus
space bar Activates on iOS and Android
enter key Activates on Android

Native Element

  • A button is a control that executes an action or navigates within the app.
  • You should use a native button element rather than a custom element because it will announce the correct built-in screen reader announcements without additional development effort.


  • Name describes the purpose of the control
  • iOS Options
    • Set a label in Interface Builder in the Identity Inspector
    • Group visible text label and the control in the same view container: accessibilityFrameInContainerSpace
    • setTitle( ) method
    • If no visible label, use accessibilityLabel on control
    • Hint is used only if the results of interacting with it are not obvious from the control's label.
    • Match visible label, if any
    • To hide labels from VoiceOver announcements, uncheck the Accessibility Enabled checkbox in the Identity Inspector
    • If hiding visible label, use accessibilityLabel on control
  • Android Options
    • android:text XML attribute
    • Optional: use contentDescription for a more descriptive name, depending on type of view and for elements without a visible label.
    • contentDescription overrides android:text
    • Use labelFor attribute to connect the visible label to the control


  • iOS
    • Standard UIButton
  • Android
    • Standard button or ImageButton


  • Group visible label with button (if applicable)
  • iOS
    • accessibilityFrame
    • accessibilityFrameInContainerSpace
    • GroupView
    • Only the container class is an accessible element
  • Android
    • ViewGroup
    • Set the container object's android:screenReaderFocusable attribute to true, and each inner object's android:focusable attribute to false. In doing so, accessibility services can present the inner elements' content descriptions/names, one after the other, in a single announcement.


  • iOS
    • Active: isEnabled property
    • Disabled: UIAccessibilityTraitNotEnabled
    • Announcement: dimmed
  • Android
    • Active: android:enabled=true
    • Disabled" android:enabled=false
    • Announcement: disabled


  • Only manage focus when needed. Primarily, let the device manage default focus.
  • Consider how focus should be managed between child elements and their parent views.
  • iOS Options
    • accessibilityElementIsFocused
    • isAccessibilityElement - Yes, if the element can respond to user input
    • To move screen reader focus to newly revealed content: UIAccessibilityLayoutChangedNotification
    • To NOT move focus, but announce new content: UIAccessibilityAnnouncementNotification
  • Android Options
    • android:focusable=true
    • android=clickable=true
    • Implement an onClick( ) event handler for keyboard, not onTouch( )
    • nextFocusDown
    • nextFocusUp
    • nextFocusRight
    • nextFocusLeft
    • accessibilityTraversalBefore (or after)
    • To move screen reader focus to newly revealed content: Type_View_Focused
    • To NOT move focus, but announce new content: accessibilityLiveRegion
    • To hide controls: Important_For _Accessibility_NO


  • iOS
    • To activate: double tap
  • Android
    • To activate: double tap